Potassium bromide (KBr) is a salt, widely used as an anticonvulsant and a sedative in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with over-the-counter use extending to 1975 in the US. Its action is due to the bromide ion (sodium bromide is equally effective). Potassium bromide is used as a veterinary drug, as an antiepileptic medication for dogs and cats.
Under standard conditions, potassium bromide is a white crystalline powder. It is freely soluble in water. In a dilute aqueous solution, potassium bromide tastes sweet, at higher concentrations it tastes bitter, and at even higher concentrations it tastes salty. These effects are mainly due to the properties of the potassium ion sodium bromide tastes salty at any concentration. In high concentration, potassium bromide strongly irritates the gastric mucous membrane, causing nausea and sometimes vomiting (a typical effect of all soluble potassium salts).
Conforms to Ph Eur V
Minimum Assay: >98.0-100.5%
Molecular Formula: KBr
Molecular Weight: 119.08
Melting Point: 730°C
Boiling Point: 1435°C
Refractive Index: 1.559
Chloride (Cl): <0.6%
Sulphate (SO4): <100ppm
Iron (Fe): <20ppm
Heavy Metals (as Pb): <10ppm
Magnesium (Mg) and other earth metals (as Ca): <200pm
Loss on drying (3 hours): <1%
Hazard Phrases: Causes serious eye irritation.
Prec Phrases: Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
Cas No: 7758-02-3
Einecs No: 231-830-3
HS CODE: 2827512000
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